The Hawthorne Effect

The Hawthorne experiments were performed at the Western Electric Hawthorne Works factory near Chicago between 1924 and 1932 by Elton Mayo.  Sociologist Henry A. Landsberger studied and analyzed data collected by Elton Mayo and named the resulting phenomenon the Hawthorne effect (Shuttleworth, 2009).  The Hawthorne effect is that people in studies change how they actContinue reading “The Hawthorne Effect”

Tyco Corruption Under Kozlowski

Dennis Kozlowski, while pillaging Tyco and its shareholders, taught a valuable lesson about leadership and the expectations of ethical behavior, responsibility, and accountability.  Tyco’s culture of corruption and lack of governance during the Kozlowski reign enabled him to exert his power to not only grow the company, but to abuse his power and grow himselfContinue reading “Tyco Corruption Under Kozlowski”

Team Conflict Can Be Healthy​

David Wright’s discussion in The Myths and Realities of Teamwork illustrates six common myths about teamwork as well as the reality.  One of these myths is that team conflict is unhealthy (Wright, 2013, p.13).  Conflict avoidance is a natural instinctive reaction, as is evidenced by the fight-or-flight instinct.  In the workplace, conflict is often avoidedContinue reading “Team Conflict Can Be Healthy​”

​SHRM – The Vigilance Project Case Study

In the case study of the Vigilance Project, presented by SHRM, two teams of a pharmaceutical company were merged into a new company just before launching a large project together.  The teams, not used to working with each other, are from France and the United States, have different ways of working, and different ways ofContinue reading “​SHRM – The Vigilance Project Case Study”

Three Theories Influencing Employee Motivation at Work

Employee motivation is impacted by many factors, including reward, recognition, career development opportunities, leadership, work life balance, and work environment (Chadwick, 2019).  There are various theories on employee motivation which describe employee motivation at work, discussing the needs and cognitive processes that affect workers’ choices and behaviors.  Three important theories are Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs,Continue reading “Three Theories Influencing Employee Motivation at Work”

Factors Affecting Attitudes, Perceptions, and Behaviors in Organizations

Critical to organization and individual behavior are attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors.  Perception is the process of turning observations into behavior and is the meeting place of different thinking styles, background, beliefs, and feelings (Gilorkar, n.d.).  Perception goes hand in hand with attitudes, which are evaluations of people, places, objects, or events that reflect how peopleContinue reading “Factors Affecting Attitudes, Perceptions, and Behaviors in Organizations”

Theoretical Contributions to the Study of Organizational Behavior

There are four different theoretical contributions to the study of organizations which help to understand organizational behavior.  According to Laegaard and Bindslev, these four theoretical contributions are focused on task performance and structure:  Taylor’s scientific management, Fayol’s administrative theory, Weber’s bureaucracy and organizational structure, and Simon’s administrative behavior (Laegaard, J. & Bindslev, M., 2008, p.13). Continue reading “Theoretical Contributions to the Study of Organizational Behavior”

Resistance to Change Questionnaire

Based on: Resistance to change questionnaire. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://pluto.huji.ac.il/~oreg/questionnaire.php                 I attempted to determine my resistance to change today.  Going through the questions, I realize that over the years I have become more willing to change, accept feedback, and change my mind rather than sticking to the same ideas.  However, as I’ve grown older,Continue reading “Resistance to Change Questionnaire”

Corporate Culture Can Facilitate Change

                According to Edgar Schein, culture is “a pattern of shared basic assumptions that was learned by a group as it solved its problems of external adaptation and internal integration, that has worked well enough to be considered valid and, therefore, to be taught to new members as the correct way you perceive, think, andContinue reading “Corporate Culture Can Facilitate Change”

Three Leadership Skills for Organizational Success

                Leadership is the interactions and influencing forces that a person influences on another person or group of people.  Leadership is sometimes defined as the process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal (Shaver, 2014).  Leadership comes in many styles, from the laissez-faire leader to the democratic leader, toContinue reading “Three Leadership Skills for Organizational Success”